By Dorothy McBride Stetson
Containing the result of a cross-national study undertaking on abortion politics in 11 democratic states (between the Nineteen Sixties and 2000), this quantity marks significant development in abortion learn. It develops a finished study layout to envision even if women's coverage businesses (institutional teams meant to enhance the prestige of girls) have functioned as helpful and potent allies of women's hobbies. It explores their efforts to achieve entry to energy arenas and safe abortion legislation that coincide with feminist ambitions. certainly, those findings represent a rigorous program of comparative technique to evaluate causes from social circulate and democratic idea bearing on adaptations in nation feminism and move good fortune.
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Extra resources for Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism (Gender and Politics Series)
For the older wing, access to abortion was a question of social justice. They argued that illegal abortion would force poor and working class women to terminate unwanted pregnancies under the worst hygienic conditions, resulting in legal action being taken against them. Autonomous feminists focused more on selfdetermination, linking abortion to men's responsibility for controlling women's sexuality and reproduction. * SELECTION OF DEBATES Because abortion law is part of the criminal code, the Parliament is the primary decision-making site for abortion policy.
It operated within the decision-making process through the Austrian Social Democratic Party. Both wings were close to the political left, favouring an extension of welfare-state policies. And, despite differences in strategy, both wings are linked together and, in a way, in constant need of each other. In Austria there is a rather weak tradition of private sponsorship; and feminist projects are financed mainly by public authorities such as government, federal States, and communities. Autonomous feminists therefore need advocates within the political system to obtain resources for their projects, such as houses forbatteredwomen,counsellingcentresforwomen,aswellasfeministbookshops and communication centres.
2 The German-national-liberal camp represented by the Freedom Party of Austria (Freiheitliche Partei Osterreichs) did not catch more than 5% of the votes till 1986. The Communist Party lost its representation in parliament in 1955 and never played an important part in policy-making. 3 Social, cultural, ideological, and sometimes also geographical indicators differentiated the Lager. Catholic conservatives living in the more rural parts of Austria, entrepreneurs, farmers, and also state employees were organized within the Austrian Peoples Party.