By Syma A. Ebbin, Alf H. Hoel, Are Sydnes
This is often the 1st systematic evaluation of the overseas 200-mile unique financial sector. to this point, a hundred forty five states have ratified the legislation of the ocean conference, and such a lot have demonstrated EEZs. This quantity specializes in the explicit nature of the EEZ and the development and evolution of associations stemming from its creation, in particular interpreting advancements at neighborhood, nationwide and foreign degrees.
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Extra resources for A Sea Change: The Exclusive Economic Zone and Governance Institutions for Living Marine Resources
This is supported by the reference in Article 61 (already mentioned) that conservation and management measures are to be ‘designed to maintain or restore populations of harvested species at 20 WILLIAM R. EDESON levels which can produce the maximum sustainable yield as qualified by relevant environmental and economic factors’. In short, a considerable amount of flexibility is retained by the coastal state in achieving the objective of optimum utilization. As regards highly migratory species, it may be noted that Article 64 of the LOSC also sets the objective of optimum utilization for such species throughout the region, both within and beyond the EEZ.
The parliament may accept, adjust or reject the proposals in such reports, and the government would normally subside to the opinions of parliament. The management of living marine resources has generally been an issue of relative policy harmony. The establishment of the EZ did not bring about a major change in the institutions involved in resource management. The mandates of the Ministry of Fisheries as well as its underlying agencies were modified to reflect the increased geographical mandate area.
3 The marine environment in the Norwegian EZ is generally healthy, but is exposed to climate related stresses as well as pollution (Sjøtun, 2004). The major sources of pollution are found outside Norwegian waters. Emissions of nuclear materials from British plants have been the single most threatening pollution source,4 but also emissions of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are also a cause for concern (AMAP, 1998). In areas under Norwegian jurisdiction, petroleum activity and the dumping of toxic materials are among the dominant sources of pollution.